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Project EMOBILITY 2016

Electric Mobility

Power System Research

2016-2016

Giuseppe Mauri

The document presents the synthesis of results achieved in research relating to electric mobility. Included activities cofinanced by the EU projects on electric mobility, in particular projects COTEVOS and Free-Moby.

This report describes research activities carried out by RSE as part of the 2016 Annual Implementation Plan in the "Electric Mobility" project.

In this second year of the three-year project on Electric Mobility, scientific activities continued and new activities were introduced that originated from the need to support Italian institutions, both at central and local level, for the drafting and implementing of related policies for sustainable mobility. With regard to environmental aspects and mobility scenarios, the use of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology has extended to the comparison of different types of electric cars (from micro-car to family cars) with homologous petrol and diesel vehicles, taking into account both the size and the efficiency in their urban use. This led to a general advantage of the electric car compared to internal combustion vehicles. Furthermore, the development of mobility scenarios on a national and metropolitan scale continued in order to refine the air quality simulation activity. Therefore, a modelling system for the evaluation of air quality in urban areas was developed and applied. This made it possible to determine the impact of some local mobility management policies, allowing an estimation of the concentration of PM2,5, NO2 and elementary carbon produced by road sources or the contribution of all other sources. Finally, a preliminary study was started in order to identify solutions and promote policies in urban areas that can guarantee the provision of passenger and freight mobility services in compliance with objectives of reducing energy consumption and increasing environmental sustainability. With regard to technological, standardization and system aspects, optimal characteristics of charging infrastructure have been defined according to different contexts, need for mobility of people and goods, by drafting the “Guidelines for the charging infrastructure” then presented alongside Lombardy Region. Support was also given to coordination of the activities of the table on “sustainable mobility” established at the Presidency of the Ministry Council, defining and focusing the objective of the work and later on taking into account contributions provided by more than eighty national stakeholders. That produced a document called "Elementi per una roadmap della mobilità sostenibile". Furthermore, an algorithm for modulating the charging current in private charging places has been developed and tested. It optimizes what is allowed by the tripping curves of Italian electronic smart meters without precluding the use of appliances by end users. Finally, a device was developed for charging a vehicle battery extracted from a microEV with partial battery swap. The battery consists of manually removable modules that can be inserted in a particular rack to be charged both from the mains and from the PV generation, but also perform Vehicle-to-home (V2H) functions towards the domestic load. For this product, tests of compliance with the current standards were also carried out.


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Mauri Giuseppe