Private electric mobility is an exciting opportunity for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and especially the improvement of air quality in large cities. The way is being paved for what is perceived as a decisive opportunity for the development and deployment of this technology and are concatenating all the boundary conditions that can lead to the achievement of a real penetration of electric technology in individual mobility, and in particular:
. European commitment to the achievement of environmental objectives in 2020, with particular reference to the 20% reduction in CO2 emissions;
. Increased public awareness of the serious degradation of air quality in large cities: levels of pollution from sulfur oxides and exceeding levels of fine particulates are motivating local governments to take increasingly extensive and restrictive measures to limit traffic and encourage the use of cleaner fuels and electric mobility;
. Interest from electricity distributors in the development of charging infrastructure, as part of the gradual transformation of the electric system to the "smart grids";
. Availability of highly advanced information and communications technology (ICT) which enable the provision of very flexible electric mobility services, whose main instrument is the electricity meter.
The diffusion of individual electric mobility can have a significant impact on the national electricity system: in fact, the park of millions of electric vehicles expected in the coming decades will greatly affect the generation fleet necessary, the structure and operation of distribution networks , its interaction with the environment, the possibility that capillary and distributed storage offers in terms of service network provision and therefore support in the integration of variable generation from renewable sources, the technologies needed for the storage, control, communication, rules of operation and system burdens.
RSE activities in this area cover, with a multidisciplinary approach, the entire range of issues that concern the impact of electric mobility on the national network: from the analysis of different electric mobility scenarios to the evaluation of the influence of electric and hybrid vehicles on local and national air quality; from the development and application of methods to predict the impact on the electricity distribution network, to the evaluation of regulatory implications and social acceptability, etc.