In this field, RSE conduct research activities aimed at developing studies, tools and methods to assess renewable energy technologies, to optimize the management of plants and their integration in the electricity network, to minimize environmental impact and correct entry in the territory. The resulting tools and methodologies are subject to testing and demonstration in the laboratory and on site. The activities make use of the synergy with several European research projects of which RSE is the coordinator including:
. SEE HYDROPOWER
. SMART (IEEE 2008-2011).
The framework of reference
In 2007, the European Commission approved a strategic Plan for the development and deployment of low carbon technologies, namely the so-called energy from renewable sources. A "Set Plan" with measures in the areas of planning, implementation, resources and international cooperation in relation to energy technologies. Introduction of the Plan is the essence of the new technologies to meet European targets by 2020 (and therefore also for 2050) on the subject of climate change. Even in Italy the development of renewable energy has been placed among the top energy policy priorities along with the promotion of energy efficiency. In June 2010, the Ministry of Economic Development published The National Action Plan for Renewable Energy in Italy (NAP), which intends to: "Give a short overview of the national policy on renewable energy describing the objectives (ex. supply security, economic, social and environmental benefits) and the main strategic action lines." Strong growth is expected in the use and production of energy from renewable sources in Europe by 2030. According to the report "EU Energy Trends to 2030 - Update 2009", the RES contribution to electricity generation in 2030 will total over 36% of the total EU gross. Wind energy will be the lion's share, with nearly 700 TWh, out of a total of 1470; hydropower will contribute about 360 TWh and biomass with less than 300.