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A new high-resolution Meteorological Reanalysis Italian Dataset: MERIDA

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#Rete elettrica #Sicurezza

pubblicazioni - Articolo

A new high-resolution Meteorological Reanalysis Italian Dataset: MERIDA

Lo scopo di questo lavoro è lo sviluppo di un nuovo dataset di rianalisi meteorologica denominato MERIDA in grado di rispondere agli stakeholders del settore energetico che necessitano di dati meteorologici affidabili per attuare efficaci strategie di adattamento per far funzionare il sistema elettrico in sicurezza. MERIDA consiste in un downscaling dinamico del dataset di rianalisi globale ERA5 sviluppato da ECMWF utilizzando il modello WRF configurato per descrivere le condizioni meteorologiche tipiche dell’Italia.

During the last 15 years, weather extremes caused several disruptions to the Italian electric system. Their increasingly occurrence is mainly due to the exchanges along the meridians of air masses with very different thermal, density and moisture content properties. The Italian transmission system operator and the distribution companies have repeatedly stressed the need to have a reliable and updatable weather dataset with a history of at least 15 years to improve the resilience of the electric system.

The aim of this work is to develop a new MEteorological Reanalysis Italian DAtaset (MERIDA) able to respond to the energy stakeholders, who need reliable meteorological data to implement effective adaptation strategies to operate the electric system safely. MERIDA consists of a dynamical downscaling of the new European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) global reanalysis ERA5 using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, which is configured to describe the typical weather conditions of Italy. Furthermore, the Optimal Interpolation (OI) technique is applied to the modeled 2-m temperature and precipitation data through the use of meteorological observations of the Regional Agencies for Environmental Protection.

MERIDA is verified against COSMO REA6 of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) and ERA5 itself for the period 2010-2015, showing comparable or better results in the reconstruction of 2-m temperature and precipitation. The best results are obtained with MERIDA post-processed by the OI. Some severe weather events that determined important electric disruptions are also analyzed, showing that MERIDA is able to identify the meteorological conditions leading to significant events of wet snow, heat waves and floods through their correct spatial and temporal location and through a quantitative assessment of each atmospheric phenomenon.

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Tag correlate

#Rete elettrica #Sicurezza

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