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In a market approach the responsible and active behaviour of the demand is highly desirable, due to its important role in price stabilisation, market power reduction and market efficiency.
Moreover in electricity market the demand active response can contribute to system reliability reducing black out risks. While on the one side market oriented approaches set the conditions for emerging Demand Response business, on the other side new technological solution enable these businesses and allow users’ more active participation to energy markets. Nevertheless, several non technological barriers still prevent large demand participation to energy markets and business. In the perspective of a wide European energy market, we need to set instruments and schemes able to describe and interpret, on the same common language, complex phenomena as those related to the participation of the electrical demand and referred to as Demand Response, Demand Side Management, Load Management etc. Common business models need to be shared in order to promote demand side business and technologies on continental wide markets. Barriers to Demand Response need to be individuated and country specific solution investigated for their removal. Methods: Experiences and good practices carried out in different countries, markets, regulatory and technological contexts can be compared and shared in International Research Projects. The participation of countries at different level of market development are useful for lesson learning and solution exportability. The International Energy Agency Demand Side Management Programme (IEA DSM) created an annex called Task XIII: Demand Response Resources. Task XIII  is charged with reviewing DRR practices in various markets around the world and developed tools that can help integrate Demand Response into regular electric market activities. This paper is based on the work of the Experts of the twelve IEA member countries that have joined the Task and its results are applied, as a case study, to the Italian perspective. Results: A wide recognition on Demand Response Programs and experiences has been carried out among the countries participating to the Task XIII Demand Response Resources Project. A database of DR programs has been collected and classified with respect to more than 40 characteristics, (as technologies used, power reduction, signals forecasted to customers,…) From this collection and with further economic and technological analysis, common business models have been drawn, major stakeholder and actors identified, role of market structures and typical barriers depicted.
31 Dicembre 2007
Evoluzione della Domanda Elettrica e delle tecnologie per gli usi finali (P2 (USI))