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Development of an edge-element model for AC loss computation of high-temperature superconductors

pubblicazioni - Articolo

Development of an edge-element model for AC loss computation of high-temperature superconductors

This paper presents a new numerical model for computing the current density, field distributions and AC losses in superconductors. The model, based on the direct magnetic field H formulation without the use of vector and scalar potentials (which are used in conventional formulations), relies on first- order edge finite elements. These elements are by construction curl conforming and therefore suitable to satisfy the continuity of the tangential component of magnetic field across adjacent elements, with no need for explicitly imposing the condition ∇·H = 0. This allows the overcoming of one of the major problems of standard nodal elements with potential formulation: in the case of strong discontinuities or nonlinearities of the physical properties of the materials and/or in presence of sharp corners in the conductors’ geometry, the discontinuities of the potentials’ derivatives are unnatural and without smoothing artifices the convergence of the algorithm is put at risk. In this work we present in detail the model for two-dimensional geometries and we test it by comparing the numerical results with the predictions of analytical solutions for simple geometries. We use it successively for investigating cases of practical interest involving more complex configurations, where the interaction between adjacent tapes is important. In particular we discuss the results of AC losses in superconducting windings. Publication – SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, pubblicato sul vol. 20, Novembre ’06, pg. 16-24.

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