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pubblicazioni - Memoria

Harmonizing water and energy, available tools from the AIM Alpine Space in Movement project

pubblicazioni - Memoria

Harmonizing water and energy, available tools from the AIM Alpine Space in Movement project

Nell’ambito del Programma Spazio Alpino 2007-2013, un numero consistente di progetti hanno focalizzatola loro attenzione sull’utilizzo ottimale delle risorse idriche e sulla promozione dell’uso dell’energia da fontirinnovabili.In questo contesto, il progetto “Alpine space In Movement, targeted to water & energy capitalization”ambisce ad essere una sorta di “megafono” di tutti questi progetti attivi nel settore dell’energia rinnovabile,gestione delle risorse idriche e la conservazione degli ecosistemi acquatici.Di conseguenza, una forte enfasi viene data alle attività di divulgazione, come ad esempio seminari che abbiano il coinvolgimento diretto degli stakeholders, comunicazioni tramite sito internet, pubblicazioni, etc., orientate in via prioritaria ai decision makers a livello locale, nazionale ed europeo. Il presente articolo è incentrato sulla strategia generale del progetto AIM, ed in particolare sulla descrizione dei principali prodotti (software) e risultati sviluppati dai precedenti progetti, e la loro applicazione in casi di studio.

EU countries must increase their share of renewable electricity production according to RES-e Directive, leading to at least 20% of energy consumption coming from renewables.Water is the most important renewable resource for electricity production in alpine areas. On one hand, hydroelectric production has to be maintained/increased, on the other hydropower often affects water bodies connectivity and damage river ecosystems.

The WF Directive obliges to reach a “good” ecological status in their water bodies. There is an urgent need for water & energy harmonization!The ASP 2007-2013 is moving towards the conclusion, and it’s to time to think at the next Cooperation Programme. Several challenges have been addressed during the last 7 years programme, reaching significant results and getting in contact with numerous stakeholders. Nevertheless, in some cases the comparison between project’s achievements and needs of the entire Alpine Space region is weak, and key actors – in terms of policy making and management -were not reached as end-users of the results. The planning of the future actions to promote the sustainable development of the Alpine Space region, should start from the assessment of the outcomes & results achieved by the previous/on-going projects.

Furthermore, the EUROPE2020 points a specific target on “Resource efficient Europe” to help decouple economic growth from the use of resources, support the shift towards a low carbon economy, increase the use of renewable energy. The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe outlines how to transform EU economy into a sustainable one by 2050. It proposes methods to increase productivity avoiding environmental impact.The project Alpine space In Movement (AIM) aims at becoming a “megaphone” of the Alpine Space Programme (ASP) projects active in the field of water & renewable energy. AIM will capitalise on the achievements of the numerous ASP projects dedicated to the promotion of energy production from renewables and on the optimization of water resource exploitation.

The importance of the issue was highlighted by the EU directive on renewable energy sources (RESE Directive) and by the EU Water Framework Directive. AIM will focus more specifically on the hydropower generation and the preservation of natural ecosystems, mainly related to reservoir sedimentation management. Indeed while hydropower is the most important renewable energy in the alpine areas, it can also negatively impact the environment. Specific dissemination actions (seminars involving key stakeholders of

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