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Reuse of woody biomass fly ash in cement-based materials: leaching tests

pubblicazioni - Articolo

Reuse of woody biomass fly ash in cement-based materials: leaching tests

The feasibility of using woody biomass fly ash (WBFA) as a mineral admixture in cement-based materials was investigated. This fly ash was characterized for chemical composition and used to prepare a cement blend with 70 wt% Portland cement 30 wt% WBFA. Cubic specimens were cast from a blended cement paste (water-to binder ratio 0.50) and, after 28 days of curing at 20 C and 100% relative humidity, these specimens were tested for heavy metal leachability through the use of a sequential leaching protocol, at a constant Ph of leachant (deionized water;pH 6.0). It was found that, except for the chloride content, the WBFA is able to meet the European chemical requirements established for reuse of coal fly ash in cement-based materials. Although the WBFA is characterized by a significant content of heavy metals of particular environmental concern (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn), the results of the monolith leaching test have shown a good immobilization capacity of such metals by the cementitious matrix and, consequently, a good environmental quality of the blended cement investigated.

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