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Design and Implementation of LVDC Hybrid Circuit Breaker

pubblicazioni - Articolo

Design and Implementation of LVDC Hybrid Circuit Breaker

Nell’articolo viene proposta una nuova tipologia di interruttore ibrido per reti LVDC. Viene analizzata la procedura per dimensionare tutti i componenti attivi e passivi del dispositivo e l’efficacia della soluzione proposta è dimostrata mediante risultati sperimentali ottenuti su un prototipo di interruttore.

In recent years, DC distribution grids have become increasingly popular because of the interest in the diffusion of distributed renewable energy. In this scenario, DC distribution grids are also favored because of the increased use of batteries and power electronic loads. The main limit to the spread of DC grids is their protection devices, which still present several problems. At present, protection devices are represented by traditional mechanical breakers or static electronic components.

The first, which interrupt DC currents, have good reliability but need maintenance and have long intervention periods. In contrast, electronic switches are fast and reliable, but they reduce the efficiency because of their voltage drop. In this scenario, some hybrid breakers have been proposed to obtain the advantages of both devices. The previous solutions of hybrid breakers still suffer several critical issues and, usually, are not capable of protecting a system from short circuits without significantly reducing their lifetime.

In this paper, a new low-voltage hybrid circuit breaker topology is proposed. The procedure to dimension all of the active and passive components in the device is analyzed, and the effectiveness of the proposed solution is proven by means of experimental results obtained using a prototype.

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