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Si tratta dello stato dell’arte in Europa sulla produzione di combustibili solidi Secondari.
The Directive 2009/28/CE includes in its scope the production of electricity from biomass, being defined as the biodegradable fraction of products, waste and residues from agriculture, forestry and related industries, as well as the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste. Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF) are prepared from non-hazardous waste, including Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), through Mechanical and Biological Treatment techniques (MBT) and are seen as important contribution to a sustainable EU waste management.
The product of a MTB treatment of MSW or industrial non-hazardous waste cannot necessarily results, in part or in total, in a production of SRF. In fact one can speak about of SRF only if the resulting product of the MBT process complies with the rules given by the EN 15359:2011 that establishes parameters for the classification and compulsory specification of the Solid Recovered Fuels thoroughly Europe. If it is not the case we should speak about Refuse Derived Fuels (RDF) in a generic way.
This presentation gives an overview on the production and use of SRF thoroughly Europe.
Detailed Data concerning production, use and export/import of SRF are given for some major EU Countries. Furthermore, effort has been given to study the possibility to produce a SRF with specification. As an example, in Italy, with the Decree of Ministry of Environment n.22, February 14, 2013 “Regulations on the end of waste of certain types of Solid Recovered Fuels – Implementation of Article 184-ter of Legislative Decree 152/2006”, has been introduced the status of “end of waste” for SRF “obtained from a limited type of MSW and/or industrial non-hazardous waste”, listed in the annex II of the cited regulation.
According to the classification and specification given by EN 15359:2011, SRF are classified as non-hazardous waste (CER 191210) in a total of 125 possible different classes. In this extent, the Italian “end of waste SRF” covers only 18 out of the 125 possible classes. This “end of waste” status is valid only to within the Italian borders and, when exported abroad, also this type of SRF must be classify as non-hazardous waste (CER 191210).
31 Dicembre 2015
Bioenergia (BIOENERGIA 2015)